On when Boardman’s team met… Rochdale Council

Opening remarks

This is the second in an occasional series chronicling the meetings being held by Chris Boardman’s team and the ten boroughs of Greater Manchester as a preliminary stage in the process of planning a comprehensive walking and cycling network across the region. The first post, mainly about the Bury meeting but with a note on the Tameside session, has had considerably more traction than I expected: imagining it might only have been of interest to a handful of infrastructure geeks, in fact it spread far and wide, predominantly through the medium of Twitter, and to date has had over 3,000 views. It has illustrated the phenomenal appetite of many people across Greater Manchester and beyond to be involved in cycling and walking network planning from this stage onwards, and I am told the piece has even attracted the attention of Transport Minister Jesse Norman, whose portfolio covers walking and cycling policy and who has reportedly expressed an interest in sitting in on and observing one of these sessions. None of which is to blow my own trumpet, but simply to point out the often understated, indeed vastly overlooked, yet substantial support for a proactive approach to active travel in our region and beyond. If you haven’t read my account of the Bury meeting, I’d recommend you do so before continuing with this piece as it contains a more detailed description of the network planning process than I’m going to provide here.

Getting there, or: what’s it like to cycle in Rochdale at the moment.

On the day of the meeting I met my good buddy, cycle-touring comrade and Rochdale resident @campagquinn in Middleton to cycle together to Rochdale Town Hall. As well as simply getting us to the meeting, the ride also gave us a sense of how cycle-friendly the borough currently is: in the eight miles or so from home, I was exposed to various nasty roundabouts, pothole-pocked roads that are all-too familiar in our region and beyond, the anarchy of the school run (including school buses parked in bike lanes), wide boulevards given over exclusively to motor traffic, and columns of buses whose drivers are too impatient to pass bikes safely. So: not very.

To make matters worse, once we arrived at the impressive Gothic Town Hall, we were disappointed to establish there is next to no provision for cycle parking in central Rochdale. You can park a car directly in front of the building, but anyone arriving by bike has to improvise. We plumped for some railings next to the river Roch.

Rochdale Town Hall

Rochdale Town Hall: ample parking for cars but not a Sheffield stand in sight. Another agenda item for Mr. Boardman.

To give Rochdale its dues, it has recently built an impressive cycleway using light protection on Hollin Lane by Heywood, which I stumbled across on a recent Sunday lycra jaunt. Built with money awarded under the Cycle City Ambition Grant, this scheme is an impressive demonstration of how well-designed light separation can make cycling next to a busy road feel safer; however, unless and until this cycleway is connected to others of a similar quality to form a coherent network, its impact on general cycling levels in the borough is likely to be modest.

Wand-protected cycle lane, Hollin Lane, Heywood. Looks inviting, doesn’t it? Photo courtesy of @campagquinn

Dramatis personae:

Greater Manchester Combined Authority/Chris Boardman’s team: Brian Deegan (GMCA’s Infrastructure Lead) and Martin Key (GMCA’s Senior Transport Advisor)

Rochdale Borough Council: Senior Highways Officer, Junior Highways Officer, apprentice in the Highways Team

Transport for Greater Manchester: Two representatives

City of Trees: One representative (who attended as much to observe Mr. Deegan’s methodological approach as for the walking/cycling aspect)

Sustrans: One volunteer, one staff (I think: due to late arrivals, not everyone was formally introduced)

East Lancs Road Club: One member

@campagquinn and I


In the account of the Bury meeting I noted that all attendees were middle-aged white men: representative perhaps of the dominant demographic that currently cycles, but not of the underrepresented groups the new cycling/walking network is aimed at. Two women (out of a total of ~13) were in attendance at the Rochdale session, though with one from City of Trees and the other the Highways apprentice, neither was drawn from the cycling fraternity. As was noted by a friend after the last meeting: although this is where we are now, if equivalent meetings look the same in five years, then we’ve done something wrong. So it’s important to keep noting who comes when we talk about bikes – as we’ve seen, representation matters.

Preliminary matters

Rochdale Council had done their homework prior to the meeting, asking the attendees among other things to consider existing rat runs, known crossings and gaps and desired crossings and routes for the future. As the meeting opened we were provided with the TfGM cycling map of Rochdale, which details current cycle-friendly routes, and also shown a gap analysis of the borough, setting out what the Council considers to be the gaps in the current cycling network. We were told that Rochdale had also previously had meetings with TfGM about the Boardman cycling strategy, and it was thus impressed on us that they were taking this seriously.

Network planning

Whilst welcoming the preparation, Brian Deegan explained that we were here to sketch out a cycling network using his methodology, as he had similarly done at the Bury meeting. And so the Junior Officer set to work, highlighting the many red routes in the borough and thus outlining the cells that needed linking.

Dissent in cycling community?

Chatting to the representative of East Lancs RC, we agreed that there’s no point building any bike infrastructure at all if it’s no good, i.e. if it makes journeys more circuitous, illogical or even dangerous than they would be without it. To highlight good design, I used the example of bus stop bypasses such as have been installed on Manchester’s Oxford Road, whilst my opposite number declared that he was quite happy cycling on painted lanes with buses criss-crossing in front of him. I introduced the notion of the twelve-year-old rider, which is Boardman’s benchmark: if a cycle route isn’t fit for a twelve-year-old to use, then it’s not good enough. The Senior Officer was listening to the exchange and remarked that even cyclists can’t agree on what constitutes good infra. I rejoindered that it’s not cyclists that this whole enterprise is aimed at: it’s about creating an environment where people who don’t currently cycle feel enabled to do so. It’s not dissent, it’s a question of communication; a nuanced point that is easily lost in the binary cyclist/non-cyclist discourse that has tended to prevail to date. Nuanced or not, it’s worth spelling out:

This project is not about catering for the tiny minority who currently cycle. If it was about them, we don’t need to do anything. They cycle anyway. It’s about those who don’t, the overwhelming majority who want to cycle more but won’t for fear of motor traffic. To achieve that, we have to remove that fear. And to remove that fear, we have to engineer the conflict out that is currently designed into our scary roads.

Which leads us on to the issue of design standards.

Design standards

In the past Greater Manchester’s borough councils have, to put it politely, not always built cycling facilities to the highest of design standards. So I raised what I regarded a valid question with the man in charge of design, and the exchange went as follows:

Me: “Brian, presumably the Boardman schemes will be built to a set of uniform, high-quality design standards?”

Brian Deegan: “Yes, we have adopted a set of design standards that will be applied to all schemes across Greater Manchester.”

Me: “Will they also extend to schemes that aren’t explicitly cycling schemes?”

Brian Deegan: “Yes.”

Indeed, later the same day, it was announced that GM is the first city-region (predictably: outside London – surely one day we want to get to a situation where London is announcing sustainable transport projects that are firsts outside Greater Manchester!) to sign up to the international NACTO standard for street designs for walking and cycling. Which all sounds quite reassuring.

Keynote project

So what did Rochdale decide would be the keynote project in the borough (you may remember the Bury cyclers urged that the A56 into Manchester be given “cycle superhighway” treatment). In Rochdale various options were discussed:

  1. A cycle superhighway across the borough, linking Middleton and Littleborough with a safe, continuous and well-designed cycleway;
  2. A cycle superhighway along Rochdale Road into Manchester, the logical route for bike traffic travelling in that direction; or
  3. Treatment of two motorway junctions (J. 18 on the M62 and J. 2 on the M66) on the borough boundary to provide quality crossings out of those respective cells.

After much discussion, the Senior Officer was adamant that the roundabouts should get the star treatment, and not a cycle superhighway either through or out of the borough. Rather than criticise what is in fact a really tough decision, that simply goes to show just how very much there is to be done to reverse decades of car-centricity: at the moment we can choose a pleasant route to cycle on or a pleasant crossing over a difficult barrier, but not both, at least not at this stage. A reality check about the scale of the task and the speed of change we can expect, even with the will, momentum and investment Boardman and Burnham are seeking to generate.


The preliminary Rochdale cycling/walking plan as prepared at the session.

In closing

These meetings are fascinating events, not only due to the excitement of watching a cycle/walking-driven network emerge, but also to observe the mood and reactions among the various protagonists in attendance. At the Rochdale meeting, the Senior Officer was very careful to remind us that such bold decisions were the responsibility of the elected Councillors, not the officers; that they will be subject in part to public consultation processes, and may also require legal measures. Some will be controversial, and there will be debates to be had (as has been seen in London). In other words: this all sounds rather splendid, but be under no illusions as to the difficulties and battles ahead.

This suggests to me that we, as advocates and campaigners, need to make sure that someone is taking political ownership of this project in all boroughs; that sufficient political will is forthcoming to get these projects planned, approved and built.

I haven’t been, and won’t be, at all of these sessions, so please, if you can make it to yours, or if you know what went on, then please share. We have one chance at this, so let’s take it.

How you can help

If you’d like to be part of this process in your area, or if you’d like to take part in cycling advocacy more generally across Greater Manchester, please use the form provided by Greater Manchester Cycling Campaign at gmcc.org.uk/register and add a note in the box provided to let us know that you’d like to get involved.



19 Responses

  1. Clive Durdle says:

    Did anyone have a copy of the Dutch CROW bicycle design guide with them? WfW inclusive cycling? Highways England? What Waltham Forest have done and are doing? The Welsh standards?

    There are many guides. I’m not clear best practice has yet been understood and is being disseminated. Were any cells outlined?

    Your description feels network not area focussed. Were forgiving kerbs discussed?

    • Exactly right. This is simply about ascertaining what the network itself looks like. Where do people need to get to and from, and how cycle-friendly are those routes at present. The detailed stuff you outline will come in a later phase, when the actual interventions are being planned.

      • Clive Durdle says:

        That is what worries me! Putting the detail into a later stage!

        The assumptions, expererience, working methods and proposed time lines and phases of work all have huge effects on what happens. Mary Beard in Civilisations discusses how framing a Buddhist site led to a now century long misunderstanding of Buddhism.

        I’m worried the same types of mistakes are being made by moving from general lines on maps to specific detailed local plans.

        Has a first stage been missed? Defining and agreeing in detail the standards? Wheels for Wellbeing have only just published Inclusive Cycling and that is a first draft.

        We have loads of standards internationally, they aren’t yet distilled. The methods I am seeing in Manchester don’t feel the same as those used in Waltham Forest.

        This is from CROW


  2. Patrick McLoughlin says:

    Thanks for the instalment Nick.

    I’m curious about the Boardman benchmark – “if a cycle route isn’t fit for a twelve-year-old to use, then it’s not good enough”. There is a big problem (in my mind) with this – that of practicality for utilitarian cycling. Many of my local (Aylesbury) cycle routes would pass the Boardman test – being on pavements or quiet roads and often separated from motor traffic. They are wandering, ‘bitty’, and marred by frequent ‘give way’ points – and for anyone wanting to actually use a bike to get somewhere, frustating and time wasting. Although, as you point out, the objective of exercises such as the current GM one is to get more people on bikes, to downplay the needs of existing utility and recreational cyclists for improvement in cycle facilties would be a huge error. I recognize that as a white, middle aged, middle class male, we need to engage with potential cyclists outside our demographic, but future provision needs to include the needs of cyclists brave enough to use the existing, often unpleasant and dangerous, road network for everyday use.

    • In what way are you concerned that the needs of people who currently cycle won’t be met?

      • Patrick McLoughlin says:

        My direct experience of ‘cycling strategy’ implemenation is that of the facilities of Aylesbury, which you may recall was one of Cycle England’s ‘demonstration towns’. £900k spent on one shared bridge, some pavement paint and a selection of signposts. The net effect of this on my 8.5 mile commute: zero. It’s from a nearby town to a central industrial estate, so hardly an unusual or rarely used route. In fact, if anything, the number of times I have been treated to abuse from motorists for the mere fact that I choose to be on the public highway on a bicycle has gone up …… anecdotal I know, but that’s how it feels to me.

        The routes that have been created for cyclists in Aylesbury would probably pass the ‘Boardman test’ but largely fail to promote cycling as a medium distance utility mode of transport, hence my comment above.

        • That’s a very fair point. In the UK we’ve been fobbed off with so much crappy infra that many people are understandably wary of new pronouncements like this. The scheme you describe sounds par for the course: slot it in where it’ll cause the least harm and is thus of the least utility. Boardman’s criteria go wider than just the twelve-year-old test – schemes will also have to satisfy internationally recognised standards etc., plus the network planning strategy actually cycling on key routes where people want/need to go. So we’ll see. But Boardman is not a man for half measures, nor does he like to fail. Plus I think we’re a long way in the UK from a situation where cycle lane use is mandatory – to me, that’d be a nice problem to have, though.

  3. I understand what you’re saying – this stuff needs to be built to a proper, usable standard. Indeed I explicitly made reference to design standards in the piece.

    This is Brian Deegan’s CV: http://www.urbanmovement.co.uk/uploads/1/4/1/9/14194615/cv_brian_deegan.pdf. He’s done a lot of work in London, he’s been a key player in devising proper standards and he really knows what he’s doing. At these meetings he’s deliberately not overcomplicating things with details about kerbs etc.

    Also: Waltham Forest is a mini-Holland scheme, not a full-scale network plan. We will apparently also have similar schemes here, one in each borough; and London has also had a similar full-network review like this one. It’s different aspects of the same process.

  4. awjreynolds says:

    Reblogged this on Cycle Bath and commented:
    Great things are happening in Greater Manchester and it really shows how far behind the West Of England Combined Authority is.

    One criticism I would have is the use of the term “Cycle Super Highway” which is causing issues around public perception. “Cycle Track” is an internationally recognised type of cycle infrastructure https://nacto.org/publication/urban-bikeway-design-guide/cycle-tracks/ and I see no reason not to adopt a UK National CT designation similar to the Motorway or even A road designation. Anyone coming to a city or town would know that CT218 is a route with high quality segregated cycle infrastructure their kids could ride on.

    It also solves the political compromises that a CSH (Cycle Super Highway) designation has that it does not define a minimum level of infrastructure and allows Local Authorities to get away with delivering sub-par infrastructure that no parent would let their kids cycle on.

    I know Sustrans are reviewing the National Cycle Network at the moment and it might be good to consider reclassifying the NCN4 designation into NCN4 and CT4 identifying high quality segregated sections of the route.

    Cycle Tracks cannot be politically compromised due to the very clear definition, not only by NACTO, but also by Public Highways England http://www.standardsforhighways.co.uk/ha/standards/ians/pdfs/ian195.pdf

    It is key that we recognise that within the way we communicate these schemes with the public. A Cycle Track scheme is great for kids enabling them to cycle to school. A Cycle Super Highway evokes MAMILs racing along at high speed with far greater public opposition. CSH needs to die. It’s a REALLY bad term with no minimum design requirement unlike CT.

    • Very fair point. I have only ever used it in inverted commas as a reference to the long-distance through routes implemented in London, and have seen the fuss around the term recently and agree with it. Though “track” to me sounds a bit canalside, a bit rough-and-ready, but I’m absolutely with you that we need consistent, high-quality standards for this stuff and points of reference to ensure that what gets delivered is properly usable.

  5. Great articles and discussion about the process and the ambition for Boardman’s Beelines.

    We are working with our colleagues at RBC on major transformation of the public realm around Town Hall Square (alongside the £16.5m restoration of our Town Hall, worthy of a visit by any utility of leisure cyclists!). We agree there is a need to provide much better facilities for cyclist and pedestrians, an ambition that has been recognised in the design brief for the square. We would welcome the opportunity to encourage further discussion during the upcoming consultation process for the Town Hall Square to ensure the detailed design meets those needs and standards.

    Next time you visit, please note that there has already been significant investment by TfGM & RBC in 2 Cycle Hubs: one next to the railway station / Metrolink at Maclure Road and one next to the Transport Interchange (Metrolink, bus, taxi, Shopmobility) on River Street, a short ride from the Town Hall.

    • Brilliant comment, thanks! Great to hear that things are already moving forward in Rochdale on the cycling/walking front. When are these consultations/works scheduled for? Please keep us in the loop by all means.

  1. April 14, 2018

    […] Cycling Campaign has already written two excellent blog articles reporting on the Bury and Rochdale ones, which are well worth reading. (I have copied the title here from Nick’s […]

  2. April 14, 2018

    […] team with Greater Manchester’s borough councils. After Bury’s mild bemusement and Rochdale’s cautious realism, the tone of the Salford meeting (held on 28 March) was more upbeat and […]

  3. June 27, 2018

    […] at Banging on about bikes has covered the Bury, Rochdale and Salford meetings pretty thoroughly on his blog and the process used. This involved identifying […]

  4. July 28, 2018

    […] a friend who is much better at writing these things than I am, wrote about the Bury workshop, the Rochdale workshop and the Salford workshop. As such, it can only be a very rough first stab at a network which needs […]

  5. August 31, 2018

    […] is a Default Man, as is its Mayor. When writing up the network planning meetings in Bury, Rochdale and Salford, I made sure I also chronicled the level of diversity at each meeting and, guess what: […]

  6. September 30, 2018

    […] up the initial plans drawn up in the initial planning sessions (documented here for Bury/Tameside, Rochdale & Salford), but did not have any public workshops planned. So then I asked my councillor, Tim […]

  7. January 7, 2019

    […] also saw me attend the network planning meetings between Boardman’s team and Rochdale and Salford councils as the Beelines vision came together. This process also shaped the future of […]

Comments, queries or objections? Let us know what you think!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.